What is the difference about Mandarin, Putonghua and huayu?

Thursday, January 12, 2023

With the district influence, people life way and many history elements, there are many difference in the Chinese pronunciations in China.

Beijing dialect, (new school) Putonghua, old school Mandarin, new school Mandarin (Taiwan Mandarin) and Southeast Asian huayu are different in pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary.

Chinese Mandarin vs putonghua

Taiwan Mandarin: compared with the vocabulary of Mandarin, the vocabulary of Taiwan Mandarin not only integrates some Minnan or Hakka words, but also retains more ancient words. Another feature of Taiwan Mandarin vocabulary is that some words used before 1949 continue to refer to a certain group of people.

Chinese standard language with accent

There are also differences between "standard accent (no accent)" and "non-standard accent (with accent)" within the three systems of Mandarin, Putonghua and Chinese. From this point of view, Chinese standard language constitutes a large category of "dialects" of Chinese.

There is no strict boundary between standard accent and non-standard accent. Take Putonghua as an example:

The strictest definition of "standard accent" is the pronunciation of CCTV news broadcast. According to this standard, most Chinese speakers in Chinese mainland, including many announcers, have accents in Putonghua. In fact, many people occasionally violate the "Chinese national language standard" in the pronunciation, accent and words of Putonghua, but it can still be regarded as standard Putonghua.

Mandarin, which is obviously influenced by dialects or other languages, is generally regarded as having an accent. For example, the tone system is too different from that of Putonghua, or there are too many words with inaccurate pronunciation.

Whether Putonghua, which is influenced to some extent by dialects or other languages but does not affect communication at all, is regarded as having an accent varies from person to person. For example, Putonghua with "Beijing flavor" and "northeast flavor" to a certain extent.

The situation of Mandarin is similar: Old School Mandarin and Taiwan Mandarin are regarded as standard, while curling like Beijing dialect will be regarded as affectation.

The situation in huayu is somewhat different. Huayu is the same meaning about hanyu, Modern Chinese can be divided into standard language and dialect. Chinese is the official language of China, one of the four official languages of Singapore and one of the six working languages of the United Nations. Chinese is mainly circulated in China and Chinese communities in Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Myanmar, Thailand, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and other countries.

Sign up for a free trial now!

FAQ / Tips

We offer highly flexible class schedules that cater to your needs, with lessons available from 7am to 10pm Beijing time, seven days a week.This allows you to conveniently take lessons at any time and from any location that suits your schedule.
We offer secure and convenient payment options, including PayPal. PayPal is a widely recognized and trusted online payment platform that provides a secure way to make transactions. We also follow industry-standard security protocols to ensure the safety of your personal and financial information.
Our learning is different from traditional language learning in a number of ways. Firstly, we use technology to enhance the learning experience and provide personalized learning paths for each student. Secondly, our focus is not just on language proficiency, but also on cultural understanding and practical application of the language.Thirdly, we place a strong emphasis on developing speaking and listening skills, as well as reading and writing.Additionally, we incorporate modern teaching methods and materials, such as multimedia resources and interactive exercises.Finally, our courses are designed to be flexible and adaptable, allowing students to learn at their own pace and according to their own schedule.
Yes, our website offers courses in both traditional and simplified Chinese characters. You can choose the character set that you want to learn based on your personal preference or learning goals.Our courses are designed to accommodate learners of all levels and backgrounds, so whether you are a beginner or an advanced learner, we have resources that can help you improve your Chinese language skills.
At Chinese Learning, protecting our customers' personal information is a top priority. We have implemented robust security measures to safeguard your data and prevent any unauthorized access or disclosure. For further information on our privacy practices, please refer to our Privacy Policy, which outlines our commitment to data protection and privacy.
We offer a 30-day money-back guarantee for all new students.If you are not satisfied with our services within the first month, you may cancel your lessons and receive a refund for any unused lessons.We will only charge you for the first month of lessons, and refund the remaining balance to you promptly.Our goal is to ensure your satisfaction with our services, and we strive to provide the highest quality of instruction and support to all of our students.