Chinese spelling alphabet – phonetic vowel table(yun mu)

Thursday, January 12, 2023

Chinese Pinyin alphabet, vowel (yùn mǔ). It is a Chinese phonological term, which refers to the parts other than the initials and tones of Chinese characters. The old name is rhyme. Vowels are composed of three parts: beginning (preposition), abdomen (main vowel) and ending; According to finals, they can be divided into single syllable, compound vowel and simple final vowel.

phonetic vowel table-yun mu

Chinese phonetic vowel table: a, o, e, i, u, ü, ai, ei, ui, ao, ou, iu, ie, ü e, er, an, en, in, un, ü n, ang, eng, ing, ong.

Classification of Chinese phonetic vowels (based on the textbook of Chinese phonetic alphabet in Chinese in primary school):

  1. Simple Final Vowels: a, o, e, i, u, u;
  2. Compound Vowels: ai, ei, ui, ao, ou, iu, ie, ü e;
  3. Special Vowel: er;
  4. Nasal Vowels: an, en, in, un, ü n, ang, eng, ing, ong;
  5. Anterior Nasal Vowels: an, en, in, un, ü n;
  6. Back Nasal Vowels: ang, eng, ing, ong.

There are 24 finals in the Chinese language of primary school, including 6 simple final rhymes, 8 Multiple finals, 1 special vowels, 9 nasal vowels (5 nose nose vowels, 4 rear nasal vowels).

Usage of finals in Chinese Pinyin and Analogy with English pronunciation rules

simple final vowels: 

a  (Like "a" in “father” (American pronunciation)

  • ā(aunt)
  • (father)

o (Like “wo" Lips do not close as the sound isrnade; instead they open further)

  • (me, I)
  • (Buddha)

e (Like “uh” in English, similar to the“u”inunder.)

  • 饿 è (hungry)
  • kuài (happy)

i  (Usually pronounced as "ee" as in“he" but after c/s/z and ch/sh/zh/r it is pronounced.)

  • (you)
  • fàn (rice)

u (Usually pronounced as in "you”)

  • (no) 
  • shū (book)

ü (First, try to pronounce "i", and then your tongue stays here, gradually purse your lips.)

  • 绿 (green)
  • (huge)

compound final vowels: 

ai (as "igh" in "high")

  • ài (cute)
  • bái (white)

ei (like a long "a" or the "ei" in "eight")

  • lèi (tired)
  • hēi (black)

ui (like "way")

  • huí (back)
  • huī (grey)

ao (as in "how" or "out") 

  • hǎo (good)
  • māo (cat)

ou  (like the "ow" in "low" or "boat")

  • ɡǒu (dog)
  • kǒu (mouth)

iu (like "yo")

  • xiù zi (sleeve)

ie (like ye in "yes")

  • jié (holiday)
  • xièxiè (thanks)

üe (as in“wet")

  • xué (learn)
  • xué shēng (student)

er (similar to "er" in American English, but the mouth opened a little more.)

  • ér (however)
  • ěr liào (bait)

an (like an in "bank")

  • ān quán (safe)
  • dàn shì (but)

en (Like“un”in “under”, but with the vowel alittle higher and further forward.)

  • rén (person)
  • hèn (hate)

in (about halfway between“as in green-eenand“-in”as in“pin" .)

  • jīn zi (gold)
  • yīn wèi (because)

un (ü+n)

  • jié hūn (marry)
  • cūn zhuāng (village)

ün 

  • yún duǒ (cloud)
  • yùn dòng (sport) 

ang (like“a”(as in “father”) +"-ng")

  • bāng (help)
  • huáng (yellow)

eng (Like“-ung" as in “hung")

  • lěng (cold)
  • téng (aches)

ing (Like English “ing", but the first sound a littlehigher and longer)

  • yíng (win)
  • ān jìng (quiet)

ong

  • cóng (since)
  • dōng tiān (winter)

Sign up for a free trial now!

FAQ / Tips

As a first - time student, if you are not completely satisfied with our service, we offer a cancellation policy that allows you to cancel your subscription before the first month. In such cases, we only charge a one - month fee and refund the remaining balance to you as soon as possible.We strive to ensure that our customers are fully satisfied with our service and are committed to providing a hassle - free refund process.
Thank you for choosing Chinese Learning for your language learning needs.If you need to cancel or reschedule a lesson, please do so at least 4 hours ahead of time. To request a cancellation, please send an email to ivy.wang @chineselearning.com or service @chineselearning.com.We appreciate your cooperation and understanding, and we look forward to providing you with the best learning experience possible."
We offer a 30-day money-back guarantee for all new students.If you are not satisfied with our services within the first month, you may cancel your lessons and receive a refund for any unused lessons.We will only charge you for the first month of lessons, and refund the remaining balance to you promptly.Our goal is to ensure your satisfaction with our services, and we strive to provide the highest quality of instruction and support to all of our students.
We provide a wealth of Chinese teaching materials and learning resources, including but not limited to textbooks, workbooks, listening materials, reading materials, video courses, and online courses.Our teaching materials and resources are carefully selected and designed to meet the learning needs and goals of different learners. At the same time, our teachers will provide personalized teaching and guidance based on the learning characteristics and needs of students to ensure that students can learn and master Chinese language efficiently.
Our teaching methodology is centered around our students and their individual learning objectives.We provide personalized learning plans, innovative and flexible teaching materials and methods, and strive to make learning Chinese a joyful and enjoyable experience.Our approach is designed to engage students and foster a deep understanding of the Chinese language, culture, and customs. We believe that learning should be fun and meaningful, and we work hard to ensure that every student enjoys their Chinese language learning journey with us.
Our instructors are highly skilled and experienced experts in Chinese language teaching, with proficiency in multiple languages. They hold at least a bachelor's degree in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, and possess extensive teaching experience and knowledge. Through a rigorous selection process and ongoing training, our instructors are equipped to provide students with authentic pronunciation, accurate language usage, and cultural background knowledge, all of which are essential for achieving mastery of the Chinese language.