Structure of Chinese Characters

Sunday, January 15, 2023

The character structure information is very useful for Chinese language learners to recognize the character composition. The following table lists the common character structures of modern Chinese characters. It is based on the 12 Ideographic Description Characters (1DCs) introduced in ISO 10646 and the version 3.0 of the Unicode standard, They describe the ideographic character composition at the abstract level.

the structure of chinese character, 汉字结构, han zi jie gou

Chinese characters are made up of strokes. We have eight basic strokes in Chinese characters. They are:
The Diǎn点, is a dot, filled from the top, to the bottom, traditionally made by "couching" the brush on the page.
The Héng横, is horizontal, filled from left to right, the same way the Latin letters A, B, C, D are written.
The Shù竖, is vertical-falling. The brush begins by a dot on top, then falls downward.
The Gōu钩, ending another stroke, is a sharp change of direction either down (after a Heng) or left (after a Shù).
The Tí提, is a flick up and rightwards.
The Wān弯, follows a concave path on the left or on the right.
The Piě 撇, is a falling leftwards (with a slight curve).
The Nà 捺, is falling rightwards (with an emphasis at the end of the stroke).

When we write Chinese characters, we must know the stroke order of Chinese characters. Stroke order refers to the order in which the strokes of a Chinese character are written. The below are the general writing rules:
1. First Throw then Press, the words like: 人,八,入
2. First Horizontal then Vertical, the words like: 十,王,干
3. From top to down, the words like: 三,竟,音
4. From left to right, the words like: 理,利,和
5. First outside then inside, the words like: 问,同,司
6. First the middle then the sides, the words like: 小,水

Sign up for a free trial now!

FAQ / Tips

We offer highly flexible class schedules that cater to your needs, with lessons available from 7am to 10pm Beijing time, seven days a week.This allows you to conveniently take lessons at any time and from any location that suits your schedule.
At Chinese Learning, protecting our customers' personal information is a top priority. We have implemented robust security measures to safeguard your data and prevent any unauthorized access or disclosure. For further information on our privacy practices, please refer to our Privacy Policy, which outlines our commitment to data protection and privacy.
Our learning is different from traditional language learning in a number of ways. Firstly, we use technology to enhance the learning experience and provide personalized learning paths for each student. Secondly, our focus is not just on language proficiency, but also on cultural understanding and practical application of the language.Thirdly, we place a strong emphasis on developing speaking and listening skills, as well as reading and writing.Additionally, we incorporate modern teaching methods and materials, such as multimedia resources and interactive exercises.Finally, our courses are designed to be flexible and adaptable, allowing students to learn at their own pace and according to their own schedule.
Our instructors are highly skilled and experienced experts in Chinese language teaching, with proficiency in multiple languages. They hold at least a bachelor's degree in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, and possess extensive teaching experience and knowledge. Through a rigorous selection process and ongoing training, our instructors are equipped to provide students with authentic pronunciation, accurate language usage, and cultural background knowledge, all of which are essential for achieving mastery of the Chinese language.
As a first - time student, if you are not completely satisfied with our service, we offer a cancellation policy that allows you to cancel your subscription before the first month. In such cases, we only charge a one - month fee and refund the remaining balance to you as soon as possible.We strive to ensure that our customers are fully satisfied with our service and are committed to providing a hassle - free refund process.
Our teaching methodology is centered around our students and their individual learning objectives.We provide personalized learning plans, innovative and flexible teaching materials and methods, and strive to make learning Chinese a joyful and enjoyable experience.Our approach is designed to engage students and foster a deep understanding of the Chinese language, culture, and customs. We believe that learning should be fun and meaningful, and we work hard to ensure that every student enjoys their Chinese language learning journey with us.