HSK 5 Words: 继续 (jì xù) VS 持续 (chí xù)

Tuesday, April 16, 2024

In the realm of Chinese language learning, the terms 继续 (jì xù) and 持续 (chí xù) often present a challenge to learners. While both words can be translated as “continue” in English, they have subtle differences in meaning and usage that are crucial to grasp. This article aims to clarify these nuances and enhance one’s understanding of these two words.

继续 (jì xù) primarily refers to resuming an action or activity after a break or interruption. It implies a continuation from a previously established state or course of action.

Examples:

  1. After a short break, we continued our conversation.
    短暂休息后,我们继续了谈话。
    duǎn zàn xiū xī hòu, wǒ men jì xù le tán huà.
  2. I will continue to work hard to achieve my goals.
    我会继续努力实现我的目标。
    wǒ huì jì xù nǔ lì shí xiàn wǒ de mù biāo.
  3. This project requires continued investment of more funds and time to be completed.
    这个项目需要继续投入更多的资金和时间才能完成。
    zhè gè xiàng mù xū yào jì xù tóu rù gèng duō de zī jīn hé shí jiān cái néng wán chéng。

On the other hand, 持续 (chí xù) focuses on the uninterrupted continuation of a state or process over a period of time. It often suggests a longer-term or ongoing nature.

Examples:

  1. The rain has been continuously falling for days.
    雨已经持续下了好几天了。
    yǔ yǐ jīng chí xù xià le hǎo jǐ tiān le.
  2. His high fever lasted for a whole week, causing great concern to his family.
    他的高烧持续了整整一周,让家人非常担心。
    tā de gāo shāo chí xù le zhěng zhěng yī zhōu,ràng jiā rén fēi cháng dān xīn。
  3. The rain has been continuous for a whole afternoon.
    这场雨已经持续了整整一个下午。
    zhè chǎng yǔ yǐ jīng chí xù le zhěng zhěng yí gè xià wǔ。

In summary, 继续 (jì xù) and 持续 (chí xù) are both used to express the idea of continuation, but with different emphases. 继续 (jì xù) is more focused on resuming a previously interrupted action or activity, while 持续(chí xù) emphasizes the prolonged continuation of a state or the ongoing progress of a process.Understanding these nuances can greatly enhance one’s precision and clarity in Chinese language communication.

Quiz: Please decide whether to use 继续 (jì xù) or 持续 (chí xù) in the following sentences.

  1. 尽管遇到困难,他还是______努力学习。
    jǐn guǎn yù dào kùn nán, tā hái shì ______ nǔ lì xué xí.
  2. 他们的友谊已经______了很多年。
    tā men de yǒu yì yǐ jīng ______ le hěn duō nián.
  3. 由于______的高温,大家都不愿意出门。
    yóu yú ______ de gāo wēn,dà jiā dōu bù yuàn yì chū mén。

Answers:

  1. 继续 ((jì xù))
  2. 持续 (chí xù)
  3. 持续 (chí xù)

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