HSK 5 Words: 赋予 (fù yǔ) VS 给予 (jǐ yǔ)

Wednesday, February 28, 2024

In Chinese language learning, the HSK words 赋予 (fù yǔ) and 给予 (jǐ yǔ) are often confused by learners. While both words can be translated as "give" in English, they carry distinct meanings that set them apart. In this article, we will explore the nuances between these two words by examining their definitions and examples of usage.

赋予 (fù yǔ) typically implies the act of endowing or providing something with a particular quality, ability, or attribute. It often implies a sense of generosity and is used in contexts where something is given voluntarily or as a favor.

Examples:

  1. The role gave him a whole new personality and traits.
    这个角色赋予了他全新的个性和特质。
    zhè gè jué sè fù yǔ le tā quán xīn de gè xìng hé tè zhì 。
  2. The government has given this project a high degree of autonomy.
    政府赋予了这个项目高度的自主权。
    zhèng fǔ fù yǔ le zhè gè xiàng mù gāo dù de zì zhǔ quán 。
  3. The festival is imbued with rich cultural and historical significance.
    这个节日被赋予了丰富的文化和历史意义。
    zhè gè jié rì bèi fù yǔ le fēng fù de wén huà hé lì shǐ yì yì 。

给予 (jǐ yǔ) implies the act of providing something to someone or something else. It is more general than 赋予 (fù yǔ) and can be used in both voluntary and mandatory contexts.

Examples:

  1. Please give me some water.
    请给予我一些水。
    qǐng jǐ yǔ wǒ xiē shuǐ 。
  2. The government has given financial aid to flood-affected areas.
    政府给予了受灾地区财政援助。
    zhèng fǔ jǐ yǔ le shòu zāi dì qū cái zhèng zhù yán 。
  3. Parents give their children selfless love and care.
    父母给予孩子无私的爱和关怀。
    fù mǔ jǐ yǔ hái zi wú sī de ài hé guān huái 。

In summary, 赋予 (fù yǔ) and 给予 (jǐ yǔ) are two distinct words in Chinese. 赋予 (fù yǔ) implies the act of endowing or providing something with a particular quality, ability, or attribute, often in a voluntary or favor-granting manner. 给予 (jǐ yǔ), on the other hand, implies a more general act of providing something to someone or something else, whether voluntary or mandatory. 

Quiz: Please consider whether to use 赋予 (fù yǔ) VS 给予 (jǐ yǔ) in the following sentences.

  1. 这次慈善活动,他______了慷慨的捐款。
    zhè cì cí shàn huó dòng , tā ______ le kāng kǎi de juān kuǎn 。
  2. 政府______了贫困地区经济援助和投资。
    zhèng fǔ ______ le pín kùn dì qū jīng jì yuán zhù hé tóu zī 。
  3. 他______了这个角色独特的个性和魅力。
    tā ______ le zhè gè jué sè dú tè de gè xìng hé mèi lì 。

Answers:

  1. 给予 (jǐ yǔ)
  2. 给予 (jǐ yǔ)
  3. 赋予 (fù yǔ

Sign up for a free trial now!

FAQ / Tips

Our students come from a wide range of ages, from 3 years old to over 80 years old. Our courses are tailored to each student's age and proficiency level to ensure they can receive maximum benefit and progress. Whether you want to learn Chinese as a second language or improve your existing Chinese skills, we can provide you with courses and resources that are suitable for you
Our Chinese learning method is focused on personalized and interactive one-on-one lessons with a professional teacher. The lessons are conducted live through our online teaching platform, which allows you to see and talk to the teacher. You can schedule the lessons at a time that suits you, and the teacher will tailor the lesson content to your specific needs and goals. During the lesson, you can ask questions and receive feedback from the teacher to ensure you understand and master the knowledge and skills being taught. We also have a student service team and academic coordinator team to assist you with your learning and provide any additional support you may need.Overall, our method is designed to be flexible, personalized, and interactive to help you achieve your language learning goals.
Our learning is different from traditional language learning in a number of ways. Firstly, we use technology to enhance the learning experience and provide personalized learning paths for each student. Secondly, our focus is not just on language proficiency, but also on cultural understanding and practical application of the language.Thirdly, we place a strong emphasis on developing speaking and listening skills, as well as reading and writing.Additionally, we incorporate modern teaching methods and materials, such as multimedia resources and interactive exercises.Finally, our courses are designed to be flexible and adaptable, allowing students to learn at their own pace and according to their own schedule.
We offer a referral program that rewards both you and your friend with free classes.To participate, simply refer a friend to our program and once they successfully enroll, both you and your friend will receive free classes.We appreciate your support and look forward to helping you and your friend achieve your language learning goals.
We offer a 30-day money-back guarantee for all new students.If you are not satisfied with our services within the first month, you may cancel your lessons and receive a refund for any unused lessons.We will only charge you for the first month of lessons, and refund the remaining balance to you promptly.Our goal is to ensure your satisfaction with our services, and we strive to provide the highest quality of instruction and support to all of our students.
We offer highly flexible class schedules that cater to your needs, with lessons available from 7am to 10pm Beijing time, seven days a week.This allows you to conveniently take lessons at any time and from any location that suits your schedule.