HSK Words: 渴望 (kě wàng) VS 期望 (qī wàng)

Tuesday, December 26, 2023

In Chinese language learning, 渴望 (kě wàng) and 期望 (qī wàng) are two HSK words that  are related to desire or wish, their usage and meanings differ slightly. In this article, we will distinguish between these two words by analyzing their meanings and usage.

渴望 (kě wàng) typically refers to a strong desire or longing for something. It emphasizes the intensity of the desire, often with a sense of urgency or yearning.

Examples:

  1. I crave success and want to realize my dreams.
    我渴望成功,想要实现自己的梦想。
    wǒ kě wàng chéng gōng , xiǎng yào shí xiàn zì jǐ de mèng xiǎng 。
  2. He aspired to that position and put a lot of effort into it.
    他渴望得到那个职位,为此付出了很多努力。
    tā kě wàng dé dào nà gè zhí wèi , wèi cǐ fù chū le hěn duō nǔ lì 。
  3. She longs to be reunited with her family and looks forward to that day.
    她渴望与家人团聚,期待着那一天的到来。
    tā kě wàng yǔ jiā rén tuán jù , qī dài zhe nà yī tiān de dào lái 。

期望 (qī wàng) typically refers to the hope or wish for something to happen or be achieved. It emphasizes the wish or aspiration for something positive, often with a sense of anticipation or optimism.

Examples:

  1. I expect to do well on this test.
    我期望这次考试能取得好成绩。
    wǒ qī wàng zhè cì kǎo shì néng qǔ de hǎo chéng jì 。
  2. Parents expect their children to be healthy.
    家长们期望孩子们健康成长。
    jiā zhǎng men qī wàng hái zi men zhǎng jiàn kāng chéng zhǎng。
  3. We look forward to the successful completion of this project.
    我们期望这个项目能够顺利完成。
    wǒ men qī wàng zhè gè xiàng mù néng gòu shùn lì wán chéng 。

By understanding the differences in meaning and usage, we can better distinguish between these two similar HSK words and use them appropriately in our Chinese language communication.

Quiz: Please consider whether to use 渴望 (kě wàng) or 期望 (qī wàng) in the following sentences.

  1. 我们____来年会有更进一步的改善。
    wǒ men ____ lái nián huì yǒu gèng jìn yī bù de gǎi shàn 。
  2. 人民____和平。
    rén mín ____ hé píng 。
  3. 我们都____健康和幸福。
    wǒ men dū ____ jiàn kāng hé xìng fú 。

Answers:

  1. 期望 (qī wàng)
  2. 渴望 (kě wàng)
  3. 渴望 (kě wàng)

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