The Yellow River

Thursday, January 12, 2023

the yellow river, 黄河, huang he

The Yellow River, located in northern China, is one of the longest rivers in the world and the second longest river in China. The total length of the Yellow River is about 5464 kilometers, and its drainage area is about 752443 square kilometers, with a total drainage area of 795000 square kilometers (including 42000 square kilometers of internal flow area). The basin has long winter and short summer, wide temperature difference between winter and summer, and distinct seasonal temperature changes.

The Yellow River originates from the yoguzonglie basin at the northern foot of Bayan Kara mountain on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. From west to East, it flows through nine provinces (autonomous regions) of Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan and Shandong respectively, and finally flows into the Bohai Sea. The precipitation in the basin is small, mainly dry land agriculture, dry in winter and dry in spring, and the precipitation is concentrated in July and August.

The middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River are dominated by mountains, and the middle and lower reaches are dominated by plains and hills. Because the middle section of the river flows through the Loess Plateau of China, it carries a lot of sediment, so it is also known as the river with the largest sediment content in the world. However, in Chinese history, the diversion of the lower Yellow River has had a great impact on human civilization.

The Yellow River is the most important birthplace of Chinese civilization. China calls it the "Mother River". Every year, it carries 1.6 billion tons of sediment, of which 1.2 billion tons flow into the sea, and the remaining 400 million tons remain in the lower reaches of the Yellow River for many years, forming an alluvial plain, which is conducive to planting.

The Yellow River Basin is the earliest developed area in China. When most parts of the world were still in ignorance, our hardworking and brave ancestors cut thorns and cut grass on this vast land, worked and lived, and created a brilliant ancient culture.

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