Aesthetics of Tang Dynasty

Friday, April 19, 2024
The aesthetic appeal of the Tang Dynasty has been an enduring fascination for over a millennium. The era's prosperity and opulence attracted countless admirers, who were drawn to its open and liberal cultural atmosphere, as well as its distinctive aesthetic style. Tang Dynasty's beauty resonated through various forms, including poetry, painting, music, and attire. These artistic expressions not only reached the pinnacle of glory at that time, but also exerted a profound influence on the world as China, the sole superpower of the time, made significant cultural and economic impacts. Let us now delve into the aesthetics of the Tang Dynasty.


Tang Dynasty architecture pursued large-scale construction, where palaces, Buddhist temples, and gardens occupied vast spaces. Influenced by the aesthetic principle of "grandeur as beauty," its overall architectural style emphasized the grandeur and intrinsic sense of strength, focusing on stability and magnificence in structure, and pursuing an upward and dynamic expression in its rooflines, often presented in a full and flowing manner. In terms of detail, decorative arts 艺术 (yì shù) such as painting and carving were applied, imparting a refined and delicate touch to the architectural works, evoking a sense of marvel and admiration for the ingenious design.
艺术 (yì shù), noun, art


  1. The Tang Dynasty was rich in art forms.
    tánɡ dài de yì shù xínɡ shì hěn fēnɡ fù。
  2. What kind of art do you like?
    nǐ xǐ huɑn nǎ yì zhǒnɡ yì shù?


The Tang poetry era was considered the "golden age" of poetic development, boasting not only a large quantity of poems, but also diverse styles. Represented by literati like Li Bai, the poets used poetry to express their ideals and aspirations, as well as to convey their positive attitude towards life in the face of setbacks, embodying the spiritual beauty of poetry. Moreover, Tang poetry paid attention to the rhythm and tonal patterns, adhering to strict rules of rhyme and rhythm, creating a unique musical beauty in recitation. Furthermore, the language of Tang poetry was refined and full of profound meanings, with each word carefully chosen by the poet, endowing the poems with great artistic and cultural significance, embodying the linguistic beauty of poetry.


Tang clothing embraced a variety of styles, integrating elements from the Han culture of the central plains and other ethnic minority cultures, culminating in a unique fashion. The colors used were extremely vibrant and rich, popularizing hues of red, purple, yellow, and green, boldly contrasting them. The attire was adorned with various embroideries 刺绣 (cì xiù) and prints, often depicting natural and auspicious motifs, adding vividness and subtlety to the clothing. The wide and flowing hemlines, along with unique designs, allowed women of different body shapes to showcase their charm, reflecting the inclusiveness and uniqueness of Tang clothing. Furthermore, Tang women emphasized coordinated outfits, where each ensemble represented a complete image. They would accessorize with different hairpins, accessories, and makeup according to their desired style, thus maximizing the artistic beauty of attire.
刺绣 (cì xiù), noun, embroidery


  1. Embroidery is a brilliant pearl in Chinese art.
    cì xiù shì zhōnɡ ɡuó yì shù zhōnɡ yì kē cuǐ càn de mínɡ zhū。
  2. Shu embroidery is from Sichuan.
    shǔ xiù yuán yú sì chuān。

Distinctive Aesthetics of Tang Women

In contrast to the past inclination towards slender figures, Tang women sought a voluptuous and robust physique. They also pursued luxurious makeup and attire, with intricate and opulent jewelry greatly in vogue. In art, they exhibited confident and passionate demeanors, with relatively revealing and graceful postures. At this time, women held relatively high social status, striving for innovation and creating various makeup styles that reflected their individual charm.

Impact on the Modern Era

The values revered by the Tang Dynasty resonate with our modern ideals, such as diversity in aesthetics and gender equality. Moreover, the uniqueness of Tang clothing has influenced modern fashion design, while its diverse makeup styles and hair accessories have been embraced by numerous young people today, further contributing to the popularity of Tang culture.

key sentences:

Do you know the costume of Tang Dynasty?
nǐ liáo jiě tánɡ dài de fú shì mɑ ?
There were various types of makeup during the Tang Danasty.
tánɡ dài de zhuānɡ rónɡ fēn hěn duō zhǒnɡ 。
The Tang Dynasty emphasized gender equality.
tánɡ dài zhù zhònɡ nán nǚ pínɡ děnɡ 。

Sign up for a free trial now!

FAQ / Tips

We offer a 30-day money-back guarantee for all new students.If you are not satisfied with our services within the first month, you may cancel your lessons and receive a refund for any unused lessons.We will only charge you for the first month of lessons, and refund the remaining balance to you promptly.Our goal is to ensure your satisfaction with our services, and we strive to provide the highest quality of instruction and support to all of our students.
Our instructors are highly skilled and experienced experts in Chinese language teaching, with proficiency in multiple languages. They hold at least a bachelor's degree in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, and possess extensive teaching experience and knowledge. Through a rigorous selection process and ongoing training, our instructors are equipped to provide students with authentic pronunciation, accurate language usage, and cultural background knowledge, all of which are essential for achieving mastery of the Chinese language.
We offer highly flexible class schedules that cater to your needs, with lessons available from 7am to 10pm Beijing time, seven days a week.This allows you to conveniently take lessons at any time and from any location that suits your schedule.
Certainly, we offer a complimentary 30 - minute trial lesson for you to experience our services before committing to a purchase.This will allow you to gain a better understanding of our qualified tutors, innovative teaching methods, comprehensive class materials, and more.We are committed to providing you with the highest level of service and ensuring your satisfaction with our courses.
Our learning is different from traditional language learning in a number of ways. Firstly, we use technology to enhance the learning experience and provide personalized learning paths for each student. Secondly, our focus is not just on language proficiency, but also on cultural understanding and practical application of the language.Thirdly, we place a strong emphasis on developing speaking and listening skills, as well as reading and writing.Additionally, we incorporate modern teaching methods and materials, such as multimedia resources and interactive exercises.Finally, our courses are designed to be flexible and adaptable, allowing students to learn at their own pace and according to their own schedule.
If you have any questions or concerns, you can send an email to: service have a team of professionals who will be happy to assist you with any issues as soon as possible.